Development economics deals with economic aspects of the development process in low-income countries. It explores different methods to promote economic development, growth and structural change and to improve the potential for the mass of the population, for example, through health and education and workplace conditions, whether through public or private channels. Several aspects of development economics are studied at Labex MME-DII. First, the question of how the country’s political and economic outcomes will be influenced by international trade and foreign investments. In particular, one can study the impact of market constraints on firm organization, on the structure and the dynamics of the industry and on the development prospects of the country. Second, the issue of access to education, health services and micro-credit in developing countries. Third the study of market imperfections and the design of efficient institutions which allow for an optimal use of the available resources and stimulate growth.
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Researchers with interest in Development:
Gani Aldashev (THEMA)
My research concerns analyzing the functioning of the NGO (non-profit) sector and its role in providing public goods in both developing and developed countries. I also work on the evolution of traditional institutions in developing countries and the interaction between collective beliefs and public policies.
Pierre André (THEMA)
I study education institutions in developing countries with microeconometric data. I am both interested in the determination of these institutions and on their effects.
Pamela Bombarda (THEMA)
My research focuses on how international trade shapes firm performance. More precisely, I investigate the micro-economic effects of trade openness on volume of trade, firm productivity, technology, and labor reallocation. A first group of works aims at disentangling the different channels through which trade liberalization affects firm performance, such as market access, foreign competition and intensive and extensive margins. These works highlight heterogeneous responses of firms to trade liberalization episodes depending on their characteristics. A second group focuses on the different organizational choices, export and foreign direct investment (FDI), to reconcile the multinational firms’ theory with recent empirical findings to explain the pattern of supply mode decisions and evaluate the effect on welfare.
Maelys de la Rupelle (THEMA)
My work focuses on how institutions, policies and extreme events impact households’ behavior. I have been working on migration, health, inequalities and land rights, using applied microeconometrics tools. Recently, I’ve been investigating how natural disaster and US migration policies affect Mexico-US migration, on how son preference and family planning policies impact maternal health in China, and on how the experience of extreme events has shaped individual preferences in China
Esther Delesalle (THEMA)
Estimate the opportunity costs and the returns of schooling in order to determine to what extent a redistributive system could improve the equity of access to education.
Giorgio Fabbri (EPEE)
I am working in growth theory, more precisely I am active in the fields of: geography and growth, demography and growth, environment and growth. I try to develop models that are able to take into account a series of heterogeneities, either at the level of the capital structure and of the population composition that can be important for the dynamics of economic systems.
Andreas Heinen (THEMA)
Microfinance: competition in microfinance and loan rates, profitability and social outcomes, and portfolio quality; borrower defaults and credit risk in microfinance
Joel Oudinet (CEPN)
After working on issues related to migration and the labor market in the host country, my current research concerns the determinants of remittances and their impact on the country. I use econometric tools on surveys conducted in these countries to the south and east of the Mediterranean.
Rodrigo Paillacar (THEMA)
My research focuses on the study of agglomeration economies, with special interest on developing countries that experienced increased integration into the world economy through trade liberalization. I test the impact of these agglomeration forces on innovation, wages, migration, informality and labor force participation. These studies maintain a close connection with theoretical models, especially those issued from the literatures of New Economic Geography and urban economics.
Ngoc Sang Pham (EPEE)
Applications of dynamic general equilibrium. I am working on – the nature of bubbles in different models (GE with and without uncertainty, OLG), and the relationship between bubbles, taxation and growth, credit market, and dynamics of corruption, new industry and economic growth.
Estefania Santacreu-Vasut (CERESSEC)
Estefania’s research focuses on three axes: (1) the study of the interaction between language, culture and economics and implications for business, multinational companies and the labor market, (2) the institutional determinants of multinationals organizations and technology transfers from a contemporaneous and historical perspective and (3) the attitudes of individuals toward environmental taxes and energy related issues.
Francisco Serranito (LEO)
I am mainly an applied econometrician. My field of specialization is time series analysis applied to growth and development models. I am currently working on the determinants of an individual researcher productivity.
Christina Terra (THEMA)
My research deals with both theoretical and empirical aspects linked to the international economics. It is divided into five main areas: international credit markets; exchange rate dynamics; international trade and labor economics; and political economy. On the topic of international credit markets, I investigate theoretically the development of dynamic comparative advantages arising from differences in financial development of countries. In another theoretical model, I study the impact of financial market frictions on exchange rate dynamics. Also on exchange rate dynamics, I have been working of the estimation of the impact of trade openness on exchange rate adjustment in face of economic shocks. For the relation between international trade and labor markets, I am interested on the impact of international trade on informality and on wage inequality on the skill and gender dimensions. Finally, in political economy, I have been working on the political economy of exchange rate policy
Julien Vauday (CEPN)
International Political Economy, Lobbying and firm’s influence, Corporate social responsibility
Yun Wu (THEMA)
I study major issues in microfinance and financial inclusion, the objective of which is to generate employment and reduce inequality by facilitating access to financial services, especially credit, for poor individuals and small enterprises. My work attempts to provide scientific information to inform policy deliberations in an objective and relevant way. In 2013, I participated in a policy study conducted by the research institute of the central bank of China regarding opening a new debt financing channel to microcredit companies in China, the results were officially announced during a forum in Beijing attended by key industry delegates. I currently work on the following projects: (1) the impact of multiple borrowing on default risk; 2) network of microfinance organizations and their social performance; (3) legal institution and microfinance.